Infectious Mononucleosis Mono is an acute viral disease caused by the Epstein Barr virus. It is a serious disease which causes high fever, body aches and tonsils to the infected. The causes of the disease can be many but diagnose of the disease is even more complicated. The virus may affect the children more than the adults. The ailments of the disease begin with headaches, body aches, loss of diet, sore throat and later may turn into high fever or an abruptly swollen throat.
Mononucleosis is a viral disease, there is no specific drug in treating mononucleosis and to kill the virus infection but the patient may be administered some medicines for the other sufferings of the disease. Respiratory discharge blockage and swollen lymph gland is another sign of the person being infected by the mononucleosis virus.
There are various symptoms of the disease which can be considered as alert calls of the disease. So to be aware about each of these, the signs are discussed as follows :-
Sore Throat Mononucleosis
When a person is infected by the Epstein Barr virus one’s throat may dry up considerably. The body immediately responds to the attack of the virus by producing phagocytes, the white blood cells or the antigens to kill the mononucleosis virus. At this stage the throat may turn reddish in colour and bit inflamed. The blood vessels expand to accommodate more white blood cells in the blood stream so as to provide immunity against the disease causing viruses. This may be the first cause of Infectious Mononucleosis Disease. The individual showing these symptoms requires adequate rest both to the body and the voice box. Keeping the body hydrated helps to heal faster from the disease. Pain killers can be administered to those suffering from excessive pain in the throat.
Swollen glands are also a trade mark symptom of mononucleosis disease. There is an abrupt enlargement of the glands near the throat which may even bulge out of the neck. The patient may have problem swallowing food particles. The role of the lymph gland at this moment is to drain out antigens so as to fight against the virus and help the body recover from the deteriorating condition.
Fever comes with-in a day or two of sore throat and swollen gum. The temperature of the body may rise to 100 to 102 degree Celsius or even more depending on the immunity strength of the patient’s body. This also helps to kill the virus faster as the rise in temperature of the body produces unfavorable condition of survival for the microbes helping to deplete their number faster. But an abrupt rise in temperature can bring complications in children so monitoring their body temperature orderly becomes a mandate.
Coughing, sneezing and nasal discharge
Coughing, sneezing and nasal discharge as are some common problems with many if they are exposed to places having low temperatures. They are hardly noticed as symptoms of Infectious Mononucleosis Mono Disease. It is only at a later stage that the detection of the actual disease tells the actual situation. It is especially in winters that people are often seen suffering from the problems which can also be the signs of a more dreadful disease.
Some of the symptoms discussed above may be the causes of the disease so next time a person suffers from any of the above mentioned ailments need to be cautious.